Heute Morgen habe ich die Diskussion zum japanischen Szenario für Europa fortgesetzt. Passend dazu auch die sehr unterschiedliche Antwort der Regionen auf den demografischen Wandel. Hier Zuwanderung, dort Automatisierung. Die FT erinnert nochmals daran, weshalb Japan Robotern so viel positiver gegenübersteht:
- “(…) we live in an age when workers and politicians in the US and Europe are terrified that automation will undermine employment — a fear that may even be contributing to the rise of populism and extremist politics. But as the hand-wringing about digitisation continues apace, it is worth looking at one country where robots do not seem to inspire quite so much fear: Japan.” – bto: weil man da weiß, dass es die Antwort für eine überalternde Welt ist!
- “(…) a Pew survey last year suggested that 83 per cent of Japanese people think that automation raises inequality. But they are less concerned that rising automation will make it hard for them to find a job, and an unusually high proportion think that a robot-filled economy would be far more efficient. Meanwhile, the Japanese media tend to view robots as a source of pride, not terror, since they highlight the country’s ability to innovate; indeed, with 300-plus robots per 10,000 employees, Japan has one of the highest take-ups of robots in the world.” – bto: So gewinnt man die Zukunft!
- “Why? One reason is that robotics is an industry where Japanese business is ahead of international competitors, creating a sense of national optimism. Another more subtle factor is that popular culture has tended to present robots as being friendly.” – bto: bei uns hingegen Panik, Angst und Technologiefeindlichkeit.
- “Japan’s birth rate is so low (1.43 births per woman) that its working-age population is shrinking at an alarming rate. Companies have responded by recruiting more women; (and) started to hire a few more workers from places such as China, Vietnam and the Indian subcontinent to fill positions in sectors ranging from elderly care to the development of artificial intelligence. But these measures cannot entirely plug the labour shortage, and there is still considerable hostility towards immigration. That makes automation seem less terrifying by default.” – bto: Vor allem haben diese eine gesicherte Qualifikation.
- “Japan’s publicly funded social safety net remains pretty robust, and there is still a high(ish) sense of social cohesion, common purpose and sacrifice. In the US, however, only about 30 per cent of the public expect the government to help with automation, while more than double that number expect the burden to fall on the individual.” – bto: Und wir haben auch ein soziales Netz, egal, was immer erzählt wird.
- “It will be interesting to see what happens, for example, in places such as Italy, where the birth rate is also falling sharply. (…) The key point is this: when it comes to robots, Japan may yet have an edge over other nations, not just in terms of its technology but in its attitude too; or, at least, its recognition that robots may yet enable the country to keep growing economically even as its population shrinks.” – bto: in Deutschland mit der Angstkultur und dem dringenden Wunsch nach idiotischen Politikprogrammen statt Investitionen undenkbar.