Bloom­berg: Eine Billion für die Energie­wende?

Robert Habeck möchte bekanntlich die Industrie mit 30 Milliarden von den (politisch verursachten) hohen Strompreisen entlasten – als „Brücke“ in die neue grüne Welt der billigen, erneuerbaren Energie. Doch, ob es diese Welt je geben wird?

Klar ist, dass der Versuch, sie zu erreichen, gigantische Kosten verursachen wird, wie Bloomberg vorrechnet:

  • The pending price tag for future-proofing the country’s energy system is projected to amount to over $1 trillion by 2030, according to BloombergNEF. (…) The transition will require the installation of solar panels covering the equivalent of 43 soccer fields and 1,600 heat pumps every day. It also needs 27 new onshore and four offshore wind plants to be built per week, according to a wish list presented by Chancellor Olaf Scholz during a recent visit to Volkswagen AG’s headquarters in Wolfsburg.“ – bto: Aber das oberste Planministerium hat keine Sorge, dass der Plan erfüllt wird.
  • This is a bold undertaking — possibly the boldest project since the reconstruction of Germany,‘ Vice Chancellor Robert Habeck, who oversees climate and energy policy, said earlier this month.“ – bto: Und den managen Soziologen und Politiker ohne Berufsausbildung.
  • Around 250 gigawatts of new capacity will have to be installed by 2030 — when power demand is expected to be about a third higher than it is now — according to estimates from Germany’s network regulator and think tank Agora Energiewende. To put the scale of the challenge in context, the required generation is enough to cover current household demand for all 448 million people in the European Union. The additions will be a mix of renewables and gas-fired plants — that might one day be converted to run on hydrogen.“ – bto: Es ist Gigantomanie und völlige Selbstüberschätzung.

Und die Transformation wirkt bereits:

  • BASF SE’s plans to cut 2,600 jobs as it faces strains from the energy crisis is a sign of the urgency. (…) ‚High energy prices are now putting an additional burden on profitability and competitiveness in Europe,‘ Chief Executive Officer Martin Brudermueller said. He also cited ‚overregulation, slow and bureaucratic permitting processes.‘“ – bto: Vor allem erkennt er, dass die Politik ihn hier nicht will.
  • At the heart of Germany’s dilemma lies political plans to phase out certain energy sources without clearly setting out the path to replace them. (…) With nuclear and coal off the table, Germany has undertaken a rapid rollout of terminals for importing more expensive liquefied natural gas as it seeks to ensure it has the energy to power its industry-heavy economy. At the same time, electric cars, heat pumps and electrolyzers for producing hydrogen are set to raise demand by 33% to around 750 terawatt-hours by 2030, according to government estimates.“ – bto: Es ist irre, mit welcher Naivität und Selbstüberschätzung hier agiert wird.
  • Germany also needs to figure out how it will generate electricity when wind and sun aren’t available. The government’s plan so far involves readying a fleet of new gas plants that can later run on hydrogen, though it’s struggling to find investors willing to take on such costly projects. (…) The lack of funding comes from the high level of uncertainty in energy markets and unclear regulations.“ – bto: Es ist kein Wunder, bei diesen Akteuren.
  • The goal is to provide incentives for hydrogen-ready gas plants, even if they’re unlikely to receive much revenue outside of dark, still winter periods when renewable production is low.“ – bto: … die berühmte Doppelstruktur.
  • Another challenge is ensuring green electricity, which is often generated in rural coastal regions in the north, can get to consumers and factories in the south. The size of Germany’s grid will have to double by 2030, according to Leonhard Birnbaum, chief executive officer of utility EON SE, which runs about 800,000 kilometers (500,000 miles) of Germany’s distribution network.“ – bto: Kein Wunder, dass die Industrie lieber gleich abwandert. „Germany faces $1 trillion challenge to plug massive power gap“, 25. Februar 2023